Companies which operate in the following sectors are considered to be of “significant national interest” (as established in the decree of the Minister for the Economy and Finance dated 3 May 2011, repealed and replaced by the decree 2 July 2014 of the Minister for the Economy and Finance dated):
- insurance and financial brokerage
- hi-tech research and innovation
- public services
- tourism and hospitality
- food and food distribution;
- management of cultural and artistic heritage
Outside these sectors, companies which cumulatively present annual net turnover of no less than Euro 300 million and an average number of employees of no less than 250 are also considered to be of “significant national interest”.
The dimension may be reduced to Euro 240 million and 200 employees for companies whose activities are significant in terms of sideline activities and which produce benefits for the national economic-manufacturing system, also in terms of the presence of manufacturing installations throughout the country.
Companies of "significant national interest" also include foreign groups which operate in above mentoned sectors through Italian controlled companies or permanent establishments cumulatively presenting annual net Italian turnover of no less than Euro 50 million and an average number of employees of no less than 250.